What is the role of irrigation in agricultural production?

What is the role of irrigation in agricultural production?

Irrigation helps to grow agricultural crops, maintain landscapes, and revegetate disturbed soils in dry areas and during periods of less than average rainfall. Irrigation also has other uses in crop production, including frost protection, suppressing weed growth in grain fields and preventing soil consolidation.

What are the roles of irrigation?

Irrigation is bound to part of the solution to feeding the growing world population. Irrigation is used to supply a plant with water so that the plant may flourish and that means both in amount and quality. ‹ Instructional Objectives up Describe major types of irrigation systems in US forage production. ›

Why is irrigation so important?

In areas that have irregular precipitation, irrigation improves crop growth and quality. By allowing farmers to grow crops on a consistent schedule, irrigation also creates more reliable food supplies. Modern irrigation systems use reservoirs, tanks, and wells to supply water for crops.

What is disadvantage of irrigation?

The following are the disadvantages of irrigation. Water logging. Salinity and alkalinity of land. Ill aeration of soil. Pollution of underground water.

What is the main advantage of irrigation?

Irrigation facilitates bathing, cattle watering etc., and improves freshwater circulation. 8. Irrigation improves the groundwater storage as water lost due to seepage adds to the groundwater storage.

What are the four main types of irrigation?

Here are 4 types of irrigation systems you should know about which can make gardening simple and hassle-free.

  • Different Types of Irrigation Systems.
  • Sprinkler Irrigation.
  • Trickle/Drip Irrigation.
  • Subsurface Irrigation.
  • Surface Irrigation.

What is irrigation and why is it important?

In areas that have irregular precipitation, irrigation improves crop growth and quality. By allowing farmers to grow crops on a consistent schedule, irrigation also creates more reliable food supplies. Ancient civilizations in many parts of the world practiced irrigation.

What are the pros and cons of irrigation?

Drip irrigation

Pros Cons
Saves water by minimizing evaporation Method cannot be used with high iron content water because emitters become clogged
Nutrient losses from leaching is reduced Maintenance is required to keep system going
No land grading required Chewing on tubing from insects and rodents can cause water leaks

What is irrigation advantage and disadvantage?

1. For proper nourishment of crops certain amount of water is required. If rainfall is insufficient there will be deficiency in fulfillment of water requirement. Irrigation tries to remove this deficiency caused due to inadequate rainfall. Thus, irrigation comes to rescue in dry years.

What is the best method of irrigation for agriculture?

Furrow irrigation is best used for irrigating row crops such as maize, vegetables and trees. Border irrigation is particularly suitable for close growing crops such as alfalfa, but border irrigation can also be used for row crops and trees.

What is the most important benefit of irrigation?

One of the most obvious benefits of an irrigation system is protecting your yard, plants and trees from inefficient watering and drought. A well-designed system ensures that your grass and plants are getting the proper amount of water.

What is the importance of irrigation in agriculture?

Irrigation facilities make it possible to grow more than one crop in most of the areas of the country. Irrigation has helped to bring most of the fallow land under cultivation. Irrigation has stabilized the output and yield levels. Irrigation increases the availability of water supply, which in turn increases the income of the farmers.

What is the process of supplying water to crops?

The process of supplying water to the crops is known as irrigation. What is Irrigation? Irrigation is the process of applying water to the crops artificially to fulfil their water requirements. Nutrients may also be provided to the crops through irrigation.

Why was irrigation so important in ancient Egypt?

Irrigation is the the controlled application of water for agricultural purposes through manmade systems to supply water requirements not satisfied by rainfall. Crop irrigation is vital throughout the world in order to provide the world’s ever-growing populations with enough food.

How is the water distributed in an irrigation system?

This type of irrigation is rarely used as it requires more maintenance. In this, the water is distributed by a sprinkler system moving in a circular pattern. Water is distributed through a system of pumping stations gates, ditches and canals by raising the water table.

Why are rainwater harvesting and irrigation important to agriculture?

In the last decade, small-scale irrigation and rainwater harvesting were the government agricultural policy to increase crop productivity and reduce water shortage for crop and animal production.

What are the benefits of irrigation on a farm?

Improvements in physical irrigation systems and water management have helped to increase on-farm irrigation efficiency—the share of applied water that is beneficially used by the crop. Water-use efficiency gains provide farm-level benefits, including improved crop yields and savings in water costs and other applied inputs.

Why is irrigation important in the developing world?

Agriculture is often greatly hampered due to irregular, insufficient or uncertain rain. Proper irrigation systems can secure uninterrupted agriculture. The productivity of irrigated land is more than the un-irrigated land. Crop yields everywhere in the developing world are consistently higher in irrigated areas than in rainfed areas 1.

Why is ground water important in an irrigation scheme?

Rather in addition to rain fed, implementing irrigation schemes according to water source potential weather surface or ground water is important. For those areas having high ground water potential, ground water may serve as a water source for irrigation crop production and increase income.

Related Posts