Why is shifting cultivation is expected to diminish during the twenty first century?
(1) Shifting cultivation is expected to diminish because many new agricultural techniques and inventions such as genetically enhanced seeds, plows, tractors, irrigation systems, and many other things have made other types of agriculture more efficient.
Is shifting cultivation a sustainable farming?
Shifting cultivation systems are ecologically viable as long as there is enough land for long (10–20 years) restorative fallow, and expectations of crop yield and the attendant standards of living are not too high. These systems are naturally suited for harsh environments and fragile ecosystems of the tropics.
Why is shifting cultivation necessary?
There are a number of benefits that urge farmers to choose a practice of shifting cultivation in their agricultural plan. Clearings of field encourage the growth of a variety of species of plants, thus attracting birds and animals.
Why is shifting cultivation subsistence?
Shifting cultivation is also a primitive form of agriculture, although there is no reason why it should only support subsistence farming. As the name implies, it involves periodic shifts to a new piece of land, the fertility of the original patch having been exhausted.
Where is shifting cultivation practiced?
Shifting cultivation is practiced by nearly 250 million people, especially in the tropical rain forests of South America, Central and West Africa, and Southeast Asia.
Is shifting cultivation legal?
Shifting cultivation fallows must be legally perceived and categorized as ‘regenerating fallows’, which may, if given sufficient time, regenerate into secondary forests. Such regenerating fallows add to the forest cover of an area.
What is shifting cultivation What are the disadvantages?
After the soil loses its fertility, the land is abandoned and the cultivator moves to a new plot. The major disadvantage of Shifting Cultivation is that many trees in the forest are cut and this increases soil infertility and leads to soil erosion.
What are the disadvantages of shifting cultivation?
– The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation is cutting down of forest, which further leads to deforestation. Forest and trees play an important role in balancing the environment. – Shifting cultivation also destroys the habitat of wild animals at large.
Why do you think shifting cultivation is harmful for the environment?
Shifting agriculture is harmful for the environment. It is because in this type of cultivation, a piece of land is first cleared. The trees are felled and burnt down. Thus, the practice of shifting cultivation results in the degradation of soil and the forest land.
What is another name for shifting cultivation?
Swidden agriculture, also known as shifting cultivation, refers to a technique of rotational farming in which land is cleared for cultivation (normally by fire) and then left to regenerate after a few years.
What crops are grown in shifting cultivation?
The most common crops grown in shifting cultivation are corn, millet, and sugarcane.