Which type of soil does sugarcane grow?
What is the ideal type of soil for sugarcane? A well-drained loamy soil with neutral soil reaction (pH 6.5 to 7.5) and adequate nutrients and without soil compaction is considered an ideal soil for sugarcane production.
What soil does cotton grow best?
Laterite soil is ideal for cotton production since cotton requires more water. In moist areas, laterite soil is accessible, which is ideal for cotton production. Black soil is also known as regur soil. These soils are rich in calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, potash and lime.
Which type of soil is not suitable for sugarcane?
Saline, alkaline and acidic soils are not at all suitable for sugarcane. For cultivation of sugarcane, the soils should be viewed both by their physical and chemical characteristics.
What kind of soil and climate is needed for growing cotton?
Climate: Cotton grows well in warm and moist climate where summer is long and where there is salinity in the soil. Temperature: Cotton grown well in a temperature of 24°C. But cotton bursts out, high temperature is injurious. Rainfall: 60-100 cm rainfall is essential for the cultivation of cotton.
How do you increase the yield of cotton?
To get a high cotton yield, use alfalfa in crop rotation. It lowers the groundwater level, improves soil structure, and promotes the accumulation of humus in it, preparing the land for farming. Also, thanks to it, the water and air permeability of the soil increase.
Which is best fertilizer for sugarcane?
- Application of azospirillum gives atmospheric nitrogen to the sugarcane crop.
- Apply azospirillum 5 kg/ha, phosphobacteria 5 kg/ha and FYM 500 kg /ha mix it and apply on 30 days after planting along the furrow and irrigated it.
- Bio fertilizer can also apply through fertigation.
How much is sugarcane per acre?
The average yield of cane stalk is 60–70 tonnes per hectare (24–28 long ton/acre; 27–31 short ton/acre) per year, but this figure can vary between 30 and 180 tonnes per hectare depending on knowledge and crop management approach used in sugarcane cultivation.
How many months does sugarcane grow?
Depending upon the variety and sowing time it takes about 12 to 18 months to mature. In general January to march is the period of planting and December to March is the period of harvesting. In some states sugarcane is grown round the year.
Which climate is required for cotton?
Cotton is a plant that needs a long frost-free period, a lot of heat and plenty of sunshine. It prefers warm and humid climate. Cotton seeds will have a small germination rate, if the soil temperature is below 60°F (15°C). During active growth, the ideal air temperature is 70 to 100°F (21-37°C).
Which is best fertilizer for cotton?
Fertilizer: Cotton crop should be manured with FYM or compost at least once in 3 years at the rate of 12 to 15 tons/ha. The fertilizer dose of 100:50:50 (NPK) kg/ha for irrigated cotton; 80 :40:40 (NPK) kg/ha for rainfed cotton hybrids and 50:25:25 NPK kg/ha both for desi and hirsutum varieties are recommended.
How do you grow the best cotton?
Cotton Growing Guide
- Miscellaneous ●
- Rich soil enriched with plenty of compost.
- Full sun.
- Cannot tolerate frost.
- Mix a balanced organic fertilizer into the soil before planting cotton.
- Sow directly when the soil is warm.
- Cotton thrives on heat, but does not respond well to overwatering.
How can I increase sugarcane quality?
Sugarcane yield can be improved by selection of location specific varieties and varietal planning, maintaining optimum plant stand, timely planting, use of optimum row spacing and seed rate, development of water management practices, adoption of efficient weed management practices, balance use of fertilizers, adoption …
What is the current price of sugarcane?
So, for the current 2020-21 marketing year, the SAP would remain at Rs 315 per quintal for the common variety, which accounts for more than half of the total sugarcane produce, while the prices for early variety and rejected varieties of cane would remain at Rs 325 and Rs 310 per quintal, respectively.
Is sugarcane a cash crop?
A sugarcane crop is sensitive to climate, soil type, irrigation, fertilizers, insects, disease control, varieties, and the harvest period. Sugarcane is a cash crop, but it is also used as livestock fodder.
Which is the best fertilizer for sugarcane?
Does cotton deplete soil?
Cotton uses an enormous amount of water, causes soil erosion and degradation, and uses more insecticides and pesticides than almost any other crop. Because cotton requires so much water to grow, this causes problems with the soil in which it grows.