Which Pacific region includes the island of New Guinea Melanesia Micronesia Polynesia insular Southeast Asia Indonesia?
Oceania has traditionally been divided into four parts: Australasia (Australia and New Zealand), Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
Is the arctic divided into well defined territories?
Like the Antarctic, the Arctic is divided amongst various counties into well defined territories.
What is the term for the area where all the rights of a coastal state prevail?
Which of the following best defines a territorial sea? an area of the ocean where all of the rights of a coastal state prevail.
Which of the following is located in Melanesia?
The region includes the four independent countries of Fiji, Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, and Papua New Guinea. It also includes the French special collectivity of New Caledonia and parts of Indonesia – notably the Maluku Islands and Western New Guinea, which is the Indonesian part of the island of New Guinea.
What religion is Melanesia?
During the late 20th and early 21st centuries, the Melanesian postcolonial states were among the most Christian nations on earth. Different Christian denominations, and even individual missionaries, have in varying degrees been sympathetic to and knowledgeable about local languages and cultures.
What’s the difference between Micronesia and Polynesia?
Micronesia includes small islands located north of Melanesia. Polynesia includes island groups from the Hawaiian Islands to the Pitcairn Islands. Micronesia consists mainly of low islands, while Polynesia consists of many high islands, such as Hawaii.
Who owns most of the Arctic?
All land, internal waters, territorial seas and EEZs in the Arctic are under the jurisdiction of one of the eight Arctic coastal states: Canada, Denmark (via Greenland), Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States (via Alaska). International law regulates this area as with other portions of Earth.
Do humans live in the Arctic?
4 million people are believed to be living in the Arctic today, but only very few live in the most icy regions. About 12.5 percent of the Arctic population of four million is indigenous peoples: Aleuts, Athabascans, Gwich’in, Inuit, Sami, and the many indigenous peoples of the Russian Arctic.
What is the aim of Unclos?
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is established to define coastal and maritime boundaries, to regulate seabed exploration not within territorial claims, and to distribute revenue from regulated exploration.
What is the function of Unclos?
UNCLOS provides a comprehensive legal framework governing all activities and uses of the world’s seas and oceans. The Convention establishes general obligations for safeguarding the marine environment and protecting freedom of scientific research on the high seas.
Why is Melanesia called Melanesia?
Melanesian culture, the beliefs and practices of the indigenous peoples of the ethnogeographic group of Pacific Islands known as Melanesia. Melanesia’s name was derived from the Greek melas ‘black’ and nesoi ‘islands’ because of the dark skin of its inhabitants.
What are Melanesians known for?
In the distant past, Melanesia was the site of encounter between two distinct cultural traditions: Papuan and Austronesian. As mentioned above, the ancestral Papuans were the first to settle this region. They were a hunter-gatherer culture, adapted to life in the tropical rainforests of what would become New Guinea.
Are people from Fiji black?
Most indigenous Fijians, dark-skinned people who are ethnically Melanesian, either scrape out a living as subsistence farmers or work for ethnic Indian bosses. Far from expressing resentment, many are quick to say they admire the Indian culture, which ethnic Indians have clung to through the generations.
Why is it called Melanesia?
Melanesia’s name was derived from the Greek melas ‘black’ and nesoi ‘islands’ because of the dark skin of its inhabitants. In the early 21st century the population of Melanesia was approximately 10 million.
Are Melanesians from Africa?
Some recent studies suggest that all humans outside of Sub-Saharan Africa have inherited some genes from Neanderthals, and that Melanesians are the only known modern humans whose prehistoric ancestors interbred with the Denisova hominin, sharing 4%–6% of their genome with this ancient cousin of the Neanderthal.
Why is Fiji not part of Polynesia?
As it did so, tensions between the Melanesian and Polynesian people grew and, ultimately, a significant number of the Lapita people chose, or were coerced, to leave Fiji and settle in locations further east, such as Tonga, Samoa and other islands which are today collectively known as Polynesia.
Why does Russia want the Arctic?
Russia wants to establish its Arctic possessions as a major resource base by 2020. As climate change makes the Arctic areas more accessible, Russia, along with other countries, is looking to use the Arctic to increase its energy resource production.
What country is the North Pole in?
Currently, no country owns the North Pole. It sits in international waters. The closest land is Canadian territory Nunavut, followed by Greenland (part of the Kingdom of Denmark). However, Russia, Denmark and Canada have staked claims to the mountainous Lomonosov Ridge that runs under the pole.
How long can a human survive in the Arctic?
In total, only about 4 million people live in the Arctic worldwide, and in most countries indigenous people make up a minority of the Arctic population. Archaeologists and anthropologists now believe that people have lived in the Arctic for as much as twenty thousand years.
Why is the Arctic in danger?
Climate change poses the greatest danger to the Arctic and its wildlife. The Arctic is warming twice as fast as any place on the planet. Warmer seas are changing the range and seasonal cycles of Arctic fisheries. Some fish are moving to deeper, cooler waters, by moving northward.
What is a territorial sea quizlet?
A territorial sea is. an adjacent area of the ocean where all of the rights of a coastal state prevail. When a body of water is less than 24 nautical miles wide, the boundary between the states on each shore is drawn along the: median line.
What places are located in Melanesia quizlet?
Terms in this set (41)
- Papua New Guinea. The largest island in Melanesia is:
- Black Islands. “Melanesia” is Greek for:
- Tahiti. Which of the following islands is not part of Melanesia?
- Australia. Which of the following islands is not part of Melanesia?
- Marshall Islands.
- Tasman Sea.
What is the full form of Unclos?
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is an international treaty which was adopted and signed in 1982.
When did unclos come into force?
16 November 1994
The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) was adopted in 1982 in Montego Bay, Jamaica and entered into force on 16 November 1994. UNCLOS provides a comprehensive legal framework governing all activities and uses of the world’s seas and oceans.
What are the 3 regions of the Pacific?
Pacific Region Info Page
- Oceania has three distinct sub-regions, which have been divided based on their cultural significance, called Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
- Melanasia (from Greek, meaning “Island of Black” in reference to the complexion of its inhabitants)
- Polynesians (from Greek, meaning “Many Islands”)
What is the largest island in Melanesia?
- Papua New Guinea. Papua New Guinea is the largest country in the Pacific realm and therefore the largest in Melanesia.
- Solomon Islands. To the east of the island of Guinea are the Solomon Islands, a group of more than one thousand islands.
- New Caledonia.
What is Papua New Guinea’s most profitable agricultural product?
What are Papua New Guinea’s most profitable resources? Silver, timber and agricultural products.
Which is low island environment is marked by economies based on fishing?
Low-island environments are marked by economies based on fishing. Which country temporarily withdrew from UNCLOS as an indirect result of the independence of East Timor? Shallow offshore continuations of coastal plains into adjacent seafloors are known as continental _____________.
What kind of economy does the Marianas have?
The economy of the Marianas is largely based on subsistence agriculture, with some income from copra and services to U.S. military installations; cattle are also raised. The population is descended from the pre-Spanish Chamorro with considerable intermingling of Spanish, Mexican, Philippine, German, and Japanese blood.
Which is higher in elevation Micronesia or Melanesia?
The islands of Micronesia tend to be small, but they are, on average, higher in elevation than the islands of Melanesia. Before the European invasion, New Zealand would have been included in the Pacific World. High-island cultures are associated with fertile soils and farming economies.
Where are the economic advantages of the Riverlands?
The Riverlands also enjoy a sizable economic advantage with small ports located on both the east and west coasts of the continent: Saltpans and Maidenpool to the east and Seagard to the west, with the swift River Trident providing convenient travel between them.