Which crop is generally grown between two cereals crop to restore the fertility of soil?
Leguminous crops like pulses and beans are generally grown between two kinds of cereal crops in crop rotation to restore the fertility of the soil.
Which crop is grown between two crops?
Leguminous crops like pulses, beans, peas are generally grown between two cereals crops in crop rotation to restore the fertility of soil.
Why are legumes grown between two cereal crops?
Leguminous plants have nodules in their roots. These nodules harbour Rhizobium bacteria, which convert atmospheric nitrogen into plant usable form. Thus, planting legume crops between two successive cereal crops improves soil fertility by increasing the nitrogen content of soil.
Why is a pulse crop grown in an time interval between 2 cereal crops?
A pulse crop is grown between two cereal crops to compensate for the loss of nutrients, especially nitrogen. Explanation: After the harvest of pulses, the biomass act as green manure rich in nitrogen thus making the farmland fertile again for the next cereal crop.
What is the duration of Rabi crops?
The rabi crops are sown around mid-November, preferably after the monsoon rains are over, and harvesting begins in April / May. The crops are grown either with rainwater that has percolated into the ground or using irrigation. Good rain in winter spoils the rabi crops but is good for kharif crops.
Why are legumes crops important?
Some legumes have the ability to solubilize otherwise unavailable phosphate by excreting organic acids from their roots, in addition to improving soil fertility. Legumes also help to restore soil organic matter and reduce pest and disease problems when used in rotation with non-leguminous crops.
What is the importance of legumes in crop rotation?
Some legumes have the capability to solubilize in any other case unavailable phosphate by excreting organic acids from their roots, in addition to improving soil fertility. Legumes also assist to restoration of soil natural matter and limit pest and disease issues when used in rotation with nonleguminous crops.
Is Masur a kharif or rabi crop?
In India, masoor or lentil is planted in the winter season in the months of November-December and thus is referred as Rabi crop. The lentil (Lens culinaris) is an edible pulse of the legume family. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are the major growing areas for lentil.
What are the major activities involved in growing a crop?
The major activities involved in growing a crop are soil loosening, watering, seeding, plantation, etc activities. Some of the agricultural practices engage sowing, soil, manure adding, irrigation or fertilizer implementation, storage or harvesting activities.
What is the difference between mixed cropping intercropping and crop rotation?
Crop rotation means growing of different crops throughout the year in succession on a piece of land at a certain point of time. Intercropping means that only one crop will be grown throughout the year. Mixed cropping is growing two or more crops together on the same field.
What is the time period of kharif crop?
Kharif season In India, the season is popularly considered to start in June and end in October. Kharif crops are usually sown at the beginning of the first rains during the advent of the south-west monsoon season, and they are harvested at the end of monsoon season (October-November).
How legumes can improve soil fertility?
Scientists feel that growing the legume vegetables at least once in a season will help in increasing soil fertility as they have the capacity to fix atmospheric nitrogen through their root nodules. This reduces the use of chemical fertilisers like urea and ammonium nitrate.