What was the state of agriculture sector on the eve of Independence?

What was the state of agriculture sector on the eve of Independence?

The condition of India’s agricultural sector on the eve of independence can be summed up with the following points – fragmented land ownership, outdated technology, rainfall dependant, low productivity, subsistence farming, and feud amongst landowners and cultivators.

What was the state of agriculture before independence in India?

High levels of risk and instability The agricultural sector in pre-independence India was very prone to crumbling and highly volatile. In other words, there was not stable production rate for various crops. The main reason for this was improper infrastructure for perennial irrigation.

What was the state of Indian economy on the eve of Independence Class 12?

On the eve of independence Indian economy was in very bad shape due to the presence of British colonial rule. The sole purpose of the British colonial rule in India was to reduce the country to being a feeder economy for Great Britain’s own rapidly expanding modern industrial base.

What was the state of primary sector on the eve of Independence?

Primary sector had fuedal and semi fuedal institutions , surplus labour which then also leaded to low productivity. There was no positive result whenever any new technology was tried.

What were the main problems faced by the Indian agriculture during the colonial period?

Here we detail about the thirteen major problems faced by Indian agriculture.

  • Inequality in Land Distribution:
  • Land Tenure System:
  • Sub-division and Fragmentation of holdings:
  • Cropping Pattern:
  • Instability and Fluctuations:
  • Conditions of Agricultural Labourers:
  • Poor Farming Techniques and Agricultural Practices:

What is the main features of Indian economy on the eve of Independence?

Stagnant economy: There was very slow or no economic growth in the country. As a result of stagnation, there was unemployment, death, and suffering due to lack of food. 2. Backward economy: Indian economy was a backward and per capita income was very low and in India, it was just Rs.

What are the problems faced by farmers prior independence?

Small and scattered land holdings were very difficult to cultivate. At the time of independence, old and outdated methods of farming were used in the agriculture sector. There was insufficient use of fertilisers and other machines. Agriculture was excessively dependent upon rainfall.

Who is the father of agriculture in India?

M. S. Swaminathan
Swaminathan has been called the “Father of Green Revolution in India” for his role in introducing and further developing high-yielding varieties of wheat in India. He is the founder of the MS Swaminathan Research Foundation….

M. S. Swaminathan
Scientific career
Institutions Indian Council of Agricultural Research

What is Indian economy on the eve of independence?

The Indian economy was an agro-based economy on the eve of independence. ● 75% of the Indian population was earning a livelihood from agriculture. ● Despite being a primary source of income for a major population, this sector faced a decline under the British rule.

What is meant by stagnant economy class 12?

Economic growth of less than 2 to 3% annually is considered stagnation, and it is highlighted by periods of high unemployment and involuntary part-time employment. Stagnation can also occur on a smaller scale in specific industries or companies. 0Thank You. CBSE > Class 12 > Economics.

What were the main features of Indian economy on the eve of Independence?

What was the main features of Indian economy on the eve of Independence?

Our economy had been a victim of enormous exploitation. Our natural resources, iron ores, gold mines, wealth and manpower was subject to intense exploitation. Due to these atrocities, the Indian economy on the eve of independence showed poor/low economic growth.

What were the main problems that Indian agriculture faced before independence?

Biggest problems faced by farmers in India?

  • Small and fragmented land-holdings:
  • Seeds:
  • Manures, Fertilizers and Biocides:
  • Irrigation:
  • Lack of mechanisation:
  • Soil erosion:
  • Agricultural Marketing:
  • Scarcity of capital:

What was the life expectancy of birth in India on the eve of Independence?

Explaination / Solution: Life expectancy in India was 32 years at the time of independence in 1947.

What is the meaning of Eve of Independence?

1 the proclamation made by the second American Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, which asserted the freedom and independence of the 13 Colonies from Great Britain. 2 the document formally recording this proclamation. Independence.

Is a period of slow or no economic growth?

Economic stagnation is a prolonged period of slow economic growth (traditionally measured in terms of the GDP growth), usually accompanied by high unemployment.

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