What was the condition of agriculture sector at the time of independence?
The condition of India’s agricultural sector on the eve of independence can be summed up with the following points – fragmented land ownership, outdated technology, rainfall dependant, low productivity, subsistence farming, and feud amongst landowners and cultivators.
What was the condition of Indian agriculture before the British rule?
Before the British colonial period, Indian agriculture was dominated by subsistence farming organized in small village communities. The farmer usually only grew enough food to feed himself and the non-agricultural people of the village community.
What is the condition of Indian agriculture after 1947?
Since independence India has made much progress in agriculture. Indian agriculture, which grew at the rate of about 1 percent per annum during the fifty years before Independence, has grown at the rate of about 2.6 percent per annum in the post-Independence era.
What was the state of Indian agriculture before 1947 what measures were taken to bring about improvements in agricultural production after 1947?
Before independence, the condition of agriculture was: Feudalism and sub-feudalism were prevalent. In some cases there were as many as 50 intermediaries between the peasants and the Government. Around 4/5th of the produce was taken from the peasants as taxes, which in turn led to impoverishment of farmers.
What are the main reasons for stagnation in agriculture sector?
Causes of India’s agriculture stagnation during the colonial period:
- Land revenue system: The colonial government in India introduced various systems of land settlement.
- High dependency on monsoon: The Indian agricultural sector was deprived of irrigation facilities and technology advancement.
What was the impact of British rule on Indian agriculture?
They forced the commercialisation of agriculture with the growing of various cash crops and the raw materials for the industries in the Britain. With the strong political control, the British were able to monopolise the trade with India.
What were the positive and negative effects of British rule in India?
What were the positives and negative effects of British rule on Indians? Positive: Improved transport, Farming methods, order justice, and education. Negative: Exploitation, destruction of local industry, deforestation, and famine.
What did the British impose on Indian farmer?
The British officers imposed heavy taxes on Indian farmers. They made British goods free of import duty. They also cut the thumbs of Indian artisans. They also exploited Indians in many other ways.
Who is the richest farmer of India?
1. Pramod Gautam: Meet Pramod, a former automobile engineer who switched to farming in 2006, and now earns upwards of a crore yearly, after implementing a radically different method of cultivation.