What types of maturity indices can be used for the harvesting stage?
Various Maturity Indices such as number of damage from fruit set, visual indicators, size, shape, colour, appearances, texture, lenticel number, specific gravity starch contain soluble solids, sugar, acid ratio and oil content are used to determine maturity of fruits.
What is harvesting in post harvest technology?
Post-harvest technologies constitute an inter-disciplinary science and techniques applied to agricultural commodities after harvest for the purpose of preservation, conservation, quality control/enhancement, processing, packaging, storage, distribution, marketing, and utilization to meet the food and nutritional …
What are the 4 causes of harvest loss?
Main causes of postharvest loss include lack of temperature management, rough handling, poor packaging material, and lack of education about the need to maintain quality .
What are the methods of harvesting?
- Reaping – cutting the mature panicles and straw above ground.
- Threshing – separating the paddy grain from the rest of cut crop.
- Cleaning – removing immature, unfilled, non-grain materials.
- Hauling – moving the cut crop to the threshing location.
What are post harvest operations?
In agriculture, postharvest handling is the stage of crop production immediately following harvest, including cooling, cleaning, sorting and packing. Postharvest treatment largely determines final quality, whether a crop is sold for fresh consumption, or used as an ingredient in a processed food product.
What do you mean by maturity indices?
The maturity index for a commodity is a. measurement or measurements that can be. used to determine whether a particular example of the commodity is mature. These indices are important to the trade in fresh fruits and vegetables for several reasons. Trade regulations.
What is poor harvest?
As a verb, to harvest something means that you pick or gather it. The picked crop is also called a harvest: a bumper crop is a plentiful harvest, and a poor harvest is when things didn’t grow as well as expected. As a verb, to harvest something is to gather, trap, or cull it.
What are the major post harvest causes?
Causes of post-harvest loss in this stage include limited availability of suitable varieties for processing, lack of appropriate processing technologies, inadequate commercialization of new technologies and lack of basic infrastructure, inadequate facilities and infrastructure, and insufficient promotion of processed …
What are the types of post harvest losses?
Postharvest loss includes the food loss across the food supply chain from harvesting of crop until its consumption . The losses can broadly be categorized as weight loss due to spoilage, quality loss, nutritional loss, seed viability loss, and commercial loss .
What is harvest maturity?
Harvest Maturity It may be defined in terms of Physiological maturity and horticultural maturity, it is a stage, which will allow fruits / vegetables at its peak condition when it reaches to the consumers and develop acceptable flavour or appearance and having adequate shelf life.
What is the importance of maturity indices?
Harvesting of fruits and vegetables at proper stage of maturity is of paramount importance for attaining desirable quality. Using maturity index, helps ensure sensory quality, adequate postharvest shelf life, facilitates scheduling of harvest and packing operations, facilitate marketing.