What is the terrace farming method?
Terrace farming is a technique of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. Whenever it rains, instead of rain carrying away the soil nutrients and plants down the slope, they flow to the next terrace. Every step has an outlet that channels the water to the next step.
How do you do step farming?
It is nothing but a type of farming which consists of different steps which are known as terraces or step is built on slopes of hills and mountains. Whenever it rains heavily instead of soil nutrients being wasted it will be carried to next down terrace.
What is an example of terrace farming?
Perhaps the most well-known use of terrace farming are the rice paddies of Asia. Rice needs a lot of water, and a flat area that can be flooded is best. Terrace farming is used for rice, barley and wheat in east and southeast Asia and is a key part of the agricultural system.
What is difference between contour Ploughing and terrace farming?
Contour ploughing is the ploughing, done at right angles to the hill slopes, ridges and furrows so that the elevation prevents soil erosion by wind and water. Terrace farming alters the shape of the slope to produce flat areas whereas contour ploughing follows the natural shape of the slope without altering it.
Why is step farming is common in hills?
Note: Step farming is done in hilly slopes because it helps in preventing soil erosion. It also helps in preventing the runoff of water which can bring floods in the valley or foot hills.
Which area is suitable for terrace farming?
Terrace farming was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible. It is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.
What is contour Ploughing in simple words?
Contour plowing is the act of farming on a hill or a contoured area. The plow follows the contours of the land horizontally helping to reduce runoff of water. This practice helps to prevent soil erosion in hilly and contoured areas by capturing the water runoff using water breaks to keep water contained.
What is the role of contour Ploughing & terrace farming?
Where is terracing most useful?
Terraced paddy fields are used widely in rice, wheat and barley farming in east, south and southeast Asia, as well as the Mediterranean Basin, Africa, and South America. Drier-climate terrace farming is common throughout the Mediterranean Basin, where they are used for vineyards, olive trees, cork oak, and other crops.