What is the best definition of subsistence agriculture?
Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer’s family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade. Preindustrial agricultural peoples throughout the world have traditionally practiced subsistence farming.
What is subsistence agriculture in simple words?
Subsistence farming is a form of production in which nearly all crops or livestock are raised to sustain the farm family, and rarely producing surpluses to sell for cash or store for later use. There are two major types of subsistence agriculture: primitive and intensive.
What are four types of subsistence agriculture?
Types of subsistence farming
- Shifting agriculture.
- Primitive farming.
- Nomadic herding.
- Intensive subsistence farming.
What are the disadvantages of subsistence agriculture?
Another disadvantage of subsistence farming is that the farmers cannot take advantage of an increased demand for their produce. The reason is that they can only produce so much and therefore even if the demand for their product increases, they cannot take advantage of it. Their output is constantly low.
What are traditional agricultural methods?
What is Traditional Agriculture? Traditional agriculture can be defined as a primitive style of food production and farming that involves the intensive use of indigenous knowledge, land use, traditional tools, natural resources, organic fertilizer and cultural beliefs of the farmers.
What is so unique about subsistence agriculture?
Subsistence agriculturalists target farm output for survival and for mostly local requirements, with little or no surplus. Planting decisions occur principally with an eye toward what the family will need during the coming year, and only secondarily toward market prices.
How is subsistence farming classified?
Subsistence farming can be further classified as intensive subsistence and primitive subsistence farming. In intensive subsistence agriculture the farmer cultivates a small plot of land using simple tools and more labour. Primitive subsistence agriculture includes shifting cultivation and nomadic herding.
What are the advantage of subsistence agriculture?
One of the benefits of Subsistence Agriculture is that it is cheap and cost effective. No requirement of huge investments as would otherwise have been needed by a commercial farmer is the prime reason for its cost effectiveness. The tools, kits and implements that are used are easy to obtain and mostly not expensive.
Which is the best definition of subsistence agriculture?
SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE meaning – SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE definition – SUBSISTENCE AGRICULTURE explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/… license. Subsistence agriculture is self-sufficiency farming in which the farmers focus on growing enough food to feed themselves and their families.
Why are we moving away from subsistence farming?
Moving away from subsistence farming to market-oriented agriculture and shifting from cultivation of traditional food crops to cash crops through commercialization of agriculture are seen as a way to improve food security and nutritional status of the rural households.
What are the characteristics of a subsistence economy?
Typically, subsistence agriculture is characterized by a low-external input level and low productivity (per land and/or per labour). In these situations agriculture is generally the dominant economic activity, thus allowing subsistence and agriculture to appear identical.
What are the impacts of subsistence agriculture in Africa?
In sub-Saharan Africa, subsistence agriculture con- tributes 8-50% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and employs 40-85% of the rural population (Orkin and Njobe 2000; Kostov and Lingard 2004). In this review, forms of subsistence agriculture and cha- racteristics and impacts of intensive subsistence agriculture are discussed.
What are the major features of subsistence agriculture?
The other important characteristic of subsistence agriculture is the fact that very little land is required to cultivate the crop . On the other hand, one of the most important characteristics of commercial agriculture is the production of highly processed food, mainly for domestic consumption.
What are some facts about subsistence farming?
In subsistence agriculture, farm output is targeted to survival and is mostly for local requirements with little or no surplus trade. The typical subsistence farm has a range of crops and animals needed by the family to feed and clothe themselves during the year.
What are the disadvantages of subsistence farming?
The Disadvantages of Subsistence Farming The ability to produce crops is limited by labor – one person can only do so much work It’s limited by the lack of modern tools or technology because tools are generally more simple and primitive People may live without access to electricity or running water Disease incidence is higher, especially among children
What are the various characteristics of subsistence farming?
- (1) Land use . Traditional farms are very small usually only 1 to 3 hectares.
- (2) Labour .
- (3) Power and transport.
- (4) Productivity and efficiency .
- (5) Rationality and risk.
- (6) Income and level of living.
- (7) Decision making freedom.
- (8) Role of livestock.
- (10) Social and cultural reasons.