What is the average temperature required for the production of maize?
Maize is grown in temperatures between 18°C and 27°C during the day and around 14°C during the night. But the most important factor is the 140 frost-free days. The crop is very susceptible to frost; therefore, its cultivation in temperate latitudes is limited.
What are the soil requirements for good maize production?
The most suitable soil for maize has adequate depth, good internal drainage, an optimal moisture regime, sufficient and balanced quantities of plant nutrients, and chemical properties that specifically favour maize production.
What is the soil temperature for corn?
approximately 85 to 90 F.
Corn is a warm-season crop. Germination and emergence are optimal when soil temperatures are approximately 85 to 90 F. Cool conditions during planting impose significant stress on corn emergence and seedling health. Corn seed is particularly susceptible to cold stress during imbibition.
How is maize used in which season is it grown describe briefly the soil temperature required for the production of maize?
Maize is a crop which is used both as food and fodder. It is a kharif crop which requires temperature between 21oC−27oC and grows well in old alluvial soil. In some states like Bihar maize is grown in rabi season also.
In which season maize is grown?
In India, maize is traditionally grown in monsoon (Kharif) season, which is accompanied by high temperature (<35° C) and rainfall. However, with the development of new cultivars and appropriate production technology, winter cultivation of maize has emerged as a viable alternative.
What is the right condition to grow maize?
Temperature of 18 to 23 degree Celsius for deposition and 28 degree Celsius temperature is considered good for growth and development. Maize can be grown in all types of soil. But for good growth and productivity of maize, loam and medium to heavy soil having adequate amount of bacteria and proper drainage is suitable.
What are the factors that influence production of maize?
The identified factors that affect maize production were education of farmer , fertilizer use , land-labor ratio, use of fertilizer, use of pesticide, manure and household size , age of farmer  and farm size . However in this study aimed to identify more maize production determinants.
How many bags of fertilizer do you need per acre of maize?
Maize Fertilizer Requirements Per Acre Maize can easily achieve 9 tons/ha (40 bags per acre) with the right agronomy and adequate moisture, but it does require adequate nutrition to achieve this. The amount of fertilizer required is best calculated by multiplying the target yield in tons per hectare, by 20-25 Kg.
Does corn grow in 50 degree weather?
In general, corn should be planted when soil temperatures are near 50 °F. In cold soil conditions (below 50 °F), seeds will readily absorb water but not initiate root or shoot growth; this leads to seed rots and poor emergence if poor seedbed conditions are prolonged.
Can corn survive 40 degrees?
Corn can survive brief exposures to adverse temperatures, such as temperatures ranging from near 32 F (0 C) to over 112 F (45 C). The growth limits are somewhat less, with beginning temperatures of near 41 F (5 F ) climbing to near 95 F (35 C).
Which month is good for planting maize?
For market and demand reasons, it is better to start your maize farm within the early planting season. The optimum planting date is between 15th March and 15th May. It is important to understand that the fertility of a soil determines the need for fertilizers or not.
In which type of soil maize is grown?
Maize can be grown successfully in variety of soils ranging from loamy sand to clay loam. However, soils with good organic matter content having high water holding capacity with neutral pH are considered good for higher productivity.
Which climate is suitable for maize?
It is a hot season crop. Night and day temperatures should be higher for its deposition. The maize crop requires sufficient moisture in the soil since its inception. Temperature of 18 to 23 degree Celsius for deposition and 28 degree Celsius temperature is considered good for growth and development.
Is maize a winter crop?
Maize is predominately a Kharif season crop but in past few year Rabi maize has gained a significant place in total maize production in India (Figure 4). Cultivation during winter is becoming a common in Peninsular India (Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu), as well as in the north-eastern plains.
What are the two new uses of maize?
Finding new uses for corn
- Develop new markets for corn.
- Develop new corn based bioplastics.
- Overcome the current limits to ethanol use in gasoline (blend wall) to increase use of biofuels.
- Improve the performance of distillers grain as a livestock feed.
What are the objectives of maize production?
The objectives of CIMMYT’s maize breeding and seed systems work are to: Develop genetically diverse, high-yielding maize inbred lines and hybrids, combining multiple-stress tolerance, nutrient use efficiency, enhanced nutritional quality, and desirable seed production properties for target production zones.
What is the production of maize?
In India, Maize is grown throughout the year. It is predominantly a kharif crop with 85 per cent of the area under cultivation in the season. Maize is the third most important cereal crop in India after rice and wheat. It accounts for around 10 per cent of total food grain production in the country.
Which is the best fertilizer for planting maize?
The standard fertilizer recommendation for maize consists of 150 kg ha−1 NPK 14–23–14 and 50 kg ha−1 urea (Dugué 2010).
Which fertilizer is used for planting maize?
The main fertilizers used are Di-ammonium phosphate (DAP) at 50kg/acre (50kg bag/acre) (applied at planting), Calcium ammonium phosphate (CAN) at 92kg/acre (2 bags of 50kg each) topdressed when the plants are knee-high.
Can you plant corn in cold weather?
Although modern varieties may differ in cold temperature tolerance at planting, as a general rule, corn should not be planted when soil temperature measured at the two-inch depth reaches or approaches to 50°F in the morning.