What is mean by bush fallowing?
The natural vegetation that grows on land that is left uncultivated for some time, and includes small trees, shrubs, grasses, sedges, and herbaceous plants. See also enriched fallow, fallow, shifting cultivation.
What is Bush fallow in geography?
Fallow is a farming technique in which arable land is left without sowing for one or more vegetative cycles. The goal of fallowing is to allow the land to recover and store organic matter while retaining moisture and disrupting the lifecycles of pathogens by temporarily removing their hosts.
What is another name for bush fallowing?
Bush fallowing (or slash and burn agriculture) is the practice of clearing small plots of land to cultivate for a few years (generally two to five) and then leaving the land under natural vegetation for much longer periods, usually greater than five years to restore soil fertility (but in traditional systems over one …
What are the advantages of bush fallowing?
The main advantage of Bush Fallowing is the fact that It is low cost since the equipment used are simple. Other advantages include:
- It ensures continuous sustenance during periods of crop failure.
- It can be used to check soil erosion, leaching and weed growth.
- It is very easy to practice as low technology as required.
What are the reasons for Bush fallowing?
Bush fallowing is a system of farming whereby the farmer cultivates one piece of land for some years and later leave it for some years with the aim of restoring the fertility of the soil naturally. During this fallow period, the farmer cultivates another piece of land.
What are the disadvantages of bush fallowing?
Disadvantages of Bush Fallowing It leads to land fragmentation due to increase in population. It allows cultivation of only one seasonal crop like maize, rice, millet etc. It does not give room for mechanization of farms. It leads to soil erosion when soil is exhausted.
What is the advantages of bush fallowing?
The main advantage of Bush Fallowing is the fact that It is low cost since the equipment used are simple. Other advantages include: It ensures continuous sustenance during periods of crop failure. It can be used to check soil erosion, leaching and weed growth.
What are advantages of crop rotation?
Crop rotation can improve yield and profitability over time, control weeds, break disease cycles, limit insect and other pest infestations, provide an alternative source of nitrogen, reduce soil erosion, increase soil organic matter, improve soil tilth, and reduce runoff of nutrients and chemicals, as well as the …
What are the uses of crop rotation?
In addition, crop rotation is helpful in long-term soil and farm management. Rotating different crops can break pest cycles and add extra nutrients to the soil. Crop rotations build soil fertility, preserve the environment, control weeds, diseases, and insects, and add to crop and market diversity (Baldwin, 2006).