What is inter cropping and its advantages?
Intercropping is a practice involving growing two or more crops simultaneously on a same piece of land. The main advantage of inter cropping is getting higher returns from the same piece of land which otherwise not be utilized by a single crop. Inter cropping also helps in providing mutual benefits to the crops.
How does intercropping help soil?
Intercropping can benefit the soil in several ways. The additional soil cover provided by the second crop helps reduce erosion. The plants help soak up extra water and nutrients. This additional “pull” of the nutrients can help reduce runoff of the nutrients into adjacent land.
What are the four advantages of intercropping?
Advantages of intercropping: Better utilization of growth resources like nutrients, light, and moisture. Mitigate losses where the failure of any one of the component crops occurs. A farmer can get extra yield from the unit area. Better utilization of space available with the time dimensions.
What are the four methods of intercropping?
Types of Intercropping
- -Row Intercropping.
- -Strip Intercropping.
- -Mixed Intercropping.
- -Relay Intercropping.
- #1- Greater Income, Greater Yield.
- #2- Insurance against Crop Damage.
- #3- Optimum Use of Soil.
- #4- Good for Primary Crops.
What are the two advantages of intercropping?
Advantages of intercropping
- The fertility of the soil is maintained.
- The spread of diseases and pests is controlled.
- Optimum utilization of resources.
- The space and time of growing more than one crop are saved.
- Maximum utilization of nutrients present in the soil.
What is the advantage of intercropping give one example?
FOR EXAMPLE SOYABEAN+MAIZE OR FINGER MILLET+COWPEA. THE CROPS ARE SELECTED SUCH THAT THEIR NUTRIENT REQUIREMENTS ARE DIFFERENT . THIS ENSURES MAXIMUM UTILISATION OF THE NUTRIENTS SUPPLIED AND ALSO PREVENTS PESTS AND DISEASES FROM SPREADING TO ALL THE PLANTS BELONGING TO ONE CROP IN THE FIELD.
What is inter cropping with examples?
The intercropping system employs growing several species in-between each other during the same season, alternatively to monoculture farming. An example of a perennial-annual intercropping match is garlic and tomatoes. In tropical regions, coffee and banana make a popular perennial combination.
What is inter crop?
Intercropping is a multiple cropping practice that involves growing two or more crops in proximity. In other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field.
What is intercropping short answer?
In other words, intercropping is the cultivation of two or more crops simultaneously on the same field. The most common goal of intercropping is to produce a greater yield on a given piece of land by making use of resources or ecological processes that would otherwise not be utilized by a single crop.
What is example of intercropping?
The two examples of inter-cropping are chickpea with upland rice and sweet potato with corn. Explanation: The process by which multiple crops are grown in close proximity is the agricultural practice of inter-cropping.
What crops are good for intercropping?
INTERCROPPING PRODUCES HEALTHY CROPS Plants such as garlic, pepper, onion and basil repel some plant pests and can be planted between tomatoes, carrots or any other crop, as long as all plants have sufficient sunlight and space to grow properly.
What is called intercropping?
The cultivation of more than one crop in the same space at the same time is known as intercropping. Intercropping involves the planting of two or sometimes more species in a mixture at the same time or with one species interplanted during the growth of another species.
What is mixed cropping and its advantages and disadvantages?
Following are the advantages of mixed cropping: It reduces the risk of crop failure due to environmental stress. Pest infestation of crops is greatly reduced. It increases soil fertility. It increases the yield of both the crops due to complementary effect of each crop.