What is cocoa farming?

What is cocoa farming?

“Cocoa” is the product of beans harvested from the cacao tree. Several times a year, farmers harvest “pods” from their cacao trees, with each pod yield- ing approximately 50 cocoa beans. The farmer often places the wet beans in a pile, so that they ferment naturally before drying.

Is cocoa farming a good business?

But not enough of that money is reaching farmers. A recent survey by Fairtrade International found that the average household income of cocoa farmers in West Africa is $2707/year, which is only about a third of what would be considered a livable income.

How many years does cocoa take to grow?

With proper care, most cocoa trees yield pods by the fourth or fifth year and can continue for another 30 years. A typical pod contains 30 to 40 beans and there are about 30 pods per tree; approximately 400 dried beans are required to make one pound of cocoa.

Why is chocolate trade unfair?

It has been particularly driven by concerns over the high poverty prevalence among farmers, deforestation, child labor, and perceived risks of structural supply deficits, with the last two most probably acting initially as a catalyst for the largest cocoa and chocolate companies to engage in sustainability initiatives.

What is life like on a cocoa farm?

Most cocoa farmers live in extreme poverty with average cocoa farmer making about 80 cents a day. Growing cocoa is also really hard work. It is one of the few crops that is grown and harvested purely by hand. The big cocoa pods that contain the cocoa beans are hacked open using clubs or machetes.

How is Fairtrade unfair?

Fair trade is unfair. It offers only a very small number of farmers a higher, fixed price for their goods. These higher prices come at the expense of the great majority of farmers, who – unable to qualify for Fairtrade certification – are left even worse off. Fair trade does not aid economic development.

How can we help cocoa farmers?

We address this in two ways: by training farmers, and by paying a farmer premium. Training enables farmers to grow cocoa sustainably and responsibly, increase their yields and improve their family’s livelihood.

What problems do cocoa farmers face?

When terms of trade don’t work for cocoa farmers it exacerbates poverty and contributes to persistent problems like discrimination, exploitation and deforestation, which threaten the future of cocoa farming communities and the future of cocoa itself.

How much does cocoa cost?

Average prices for cocoa worldwide from 2014 to 2025 (in nominal U.S. dollars per kg)

Characteristic Price in nominal U.S. dollars per kilogram
2019 2.34
2018 2.29
2017 2.03
2016 2.89

Why do cocoa farmers earn so little?

As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer’s income is significantly below the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of USD 1.

Why are cocoa farmers important to the world?

Farmers benefit from the global market for the crop and the cacao tree’s ability to work well with other crops that peak at differ- ent times of the year. At the same time, farming families face challenges that make it difficult to realize the true potential of cocoa farming.

How many cocoa farmers are there in Ghana?

Cocoa farming is the backbone of Ghana’s economy. 800,000 small scale cocoa farmers make up 60% of the country’s agricultural base. However, despite their importance to Ghana’s development, many cocoa farming families live in poverty.

Who are the cocoa farmers in the Dominican Republic?

CAYAT is a cocoa and coffee farming co-operative, based around the towns of Adzopé and Yakassé-Attobrou in the South East of Côte d’Ivoire. CONACADO is a union of cocoa co-operatives in the Dominican Republic whose cocoa is sold to Fairtrade and other export markets.

What kind of tools do cocoa farmers use?

Cocoa farmers use long-handled steel tools to reach the pods and cut them without wounding the soft bark of the tree. Farmers collect the pods in baskets. Post-harvest processing has the biggest impact on cocoa quality and, consequently, on cocoa taste.

Why are cocoa farmers fighting for a better future?

Chocolate is one of the world’s favourite sweet treats, but cocoa farmers often face a bitter reality. Fairtrade is fighting for a better future. Millions of cocoa farmers work extremely hard, under gruelling conditions, yet often don’t earn enough in return to cover their own basic needs – like decent food, housing and education.

How much money do cocoa farmers make a year?

Millions of cocoa farmers work extremely hard, under gruelling conditions, yet often don’t earn enough in return to cover their own basic needs – like decent food, housing and education. On average, cocoa farmers earn just 6% of the final value a bar of chocolate.

What does Fairtrade do for cocoa farmers in the UK?

The Fairtrade standards and the Fairtrade Premium are proven to protect cocoa farmers from the volatility of the market, as well as supporting them to develop their businesses and communities and to invest in their futures. What is Fairtrade doing in the UK?

CAYAT is a cocoa and coffee farming co-operative, based around the towns of Adzopé and Yakassé-Attobrou in the South East of Côte d’Ivoire. CONACADO is a union of cocoa co-operatives in the Dominican Republic whose cocoa is sold to Fairtrade and other export markets.

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