What effects did farming have on people in Africa?

What effects did farming have on people in Africa?

As farmers, humans had to spend more time actually working (one estimate is 9.5 hours a day as a farmer; 6 hours a day as a forager). The result of early farming was more disease, worse nutrition, worse health, and greater vulnerability to climate and ecological disasters.

How did the impact of farming affect civilization?

When early humans began farming, they were able to produce enough food that they no longer had to migrate to their food source. This meant they could build permanent structures, and develop villages, towns, and eventually even cities. Closely connected to the rise of settled societies was an increase in population.

How did farming change life for early civilizations?

Farming meant that people did not need to travel to find food. Instead, they began to live in settled communities, and grew crops or raised animals on nearby land. They built stronger, more permanent homes and surrounded their settlements with walls to protect themselves.

Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa?

Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa? Because of trade, different beliefs and other advances in every civilization.

Which country has the best fertile soil in Africa?

Uganda’s fertile soils, especially around Lake Victoria, are home to tea and coffee plantations, sugar cane and cocoa beans as high-value cash crops. In fact, coffee is Uganda’s main agricultural export.

What is the main source of information about early African culture?

Archaeologists’ main source of information about early West African cultures has been from artifacts such as pottery, charcoal, and slag—a waste product of iron smelting. By dating these artifacts, scientists can piece together a picture of life in West Africa as early as 500 B.

What was Africa’s earliest known culture?

The Nok culture was one of the earliest known societies of Western Africa. It existed in modern-day Nigeria from around 500 B.C.E. to 200 C.E. The Nok farmed crops and used iron tools.

How did agriculture affect the rise of civilization?

As food was grown and stored more efficiently, populations increased and settlements grew larger, creating both the incentive and the means to produce even more food on more land. Agriculture spread at different rates, depending on climate and geography.

How did the people of the Fertile Crescent become farmers?

HOW DID PEOPLE BECOME BETTER FARMERS? Farming began c. 10,000 BC on land that became known as the FERTILE CRESCENT. Hunter-gatherers, who had traveled to the area in search of food, began to harvest (gather) wild grains they found growing there. They scattered spare grains on the ground to grow more food. Table 40. TIMELINE OF EARLY FARMING

Where did the first farmers in southern Africa live?

People lived, with their families, in homesteads. Inside the walls of the homestead were huts where the people lived, separate areas to store food, areas to keep the cattle as well as communal areas where people ate or socialized. The people in farming communities all had different roles and responsibilities.

What did people do before they started farming?

Before farming, people lived by hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants. When supplies ran out, these hunter-gatherers moved on. Farming meant that people did not need to travel to find food. Instead, they began to live in settled communities, and grew crops or raised animals on nearby land.

As food was grown and stored more efficiently, populations increased and settlements grew larger, creating both the incentive and the means to produce even more food on more land. Agriculture spread at different rates, depending on climate and geography.

Why did people come up with agriculture in Africa?

The north has the deadly and harsh Sahara, which makes a transition to agriculture unlikely. It also cuts off a lot of communication with earlier agricultural societies, and in fact sub-Saharan Africa had to come up with farming independently, in West Africa, below the desert.

Why was agriculture so important to early societies?

Agriculture also presented a danger because people relied on it so heavily. That meant that if something happened to the crops, there was little else they could do to survive. If they returned to hunting, the larger populations of these societies would use up those resources very quickly.

Where did agriculture first start in the world?

From its origins in China, agriculture moved south, eventually spreading across the Polynesian islands. In contrast, agriculture passed either slowly or not at all through the tropical and desert climates surrounding early agricultural sites in Egypt, sub-Saharan Africa, Central America, and the Andes.

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