What do you mean by shifting farming?
Shifting agriculture is a system of cultivation in which a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time, then abandoned and allowed to revert to producing its normal vegetation while the cultivator moves on to another plot.
What is shifting farming class 10?
Hint:Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which a piece of land is temporarily used and then abandoned or altered after the initial use a short time later. It involves clearing of the piece of land and harvesting wood or farming until the soil loses fertility.
What is shifting farming give example?
A. A swathe of swidden (kumri) cleared in the moist deciduous tropical forests for kumri cultivation in the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, planted with millets, predominantly Eleusine coracana (Sept. 2003).
How shifting cultivation is done?
Shifting cultivation is a mode of farming long followed in the humid tropics of Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, and South America. In the practice of “slash and burn”, farmers would cut the native vegetation and burn it, then plant crops in the exposed, ash-fertilized soil for two or three seasons in succession.
What are three characteristics of shifting agriculture?
(i) Vegetation is cleared by slashing and burning. (ii) There is the use of little or no manure. (iii) The yields decline after a certain period of continuous use.
Why is shifting agriculture discouraged 10?
Class 10 Question Shifting agriculture is being discouraged because , this leads to deforestation . The major disadvantage of Shifting Cultivation is that many trees in the forest are cut and this increases soil infertility and leads to soil erosion.
What is shifting agriculture called in India?
Swidden agriculture, also known as shifting cultivation, refers to a technique of rotational farming in which land is cleared for cultivation (normally by fire) and then left to regenerate after a few years.
What are the main features of shifting agriculture?
1) parts of trees are cut and burnt in rotation. 2)seeds are sown in the ashes after the first monsoon rainfall,its harvested in september-october. 3) the land is cultivated for a couple of years or till it retains its fertility the land is left fallow.
What is shifting agriculture Class 4?
A form of agriculture in which an area of ground is cleared of vegetation and cultivated for a few years and then abandoned for a new area until its fertility has been naturally restored is said to be shifting agriculture.
Why is shifting agriculture discouraged give one reason?
→ Shifting Agriculture is it type of agriculture in which farmers clear it patch of forest area and grow crops for self consumption. → This type of agriculture is being discouraged by the environmental is because this leads to deforestation and the per hectare production from the land is also low.
What is another name of shifting agriculture?
What is shifting agriculture Short answer?
Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which a person uses a piece of land, only to abandon or alter the initial use a short time later. This system often involves clearing of a piece of land followed by several years of wood harvesting or farming until the soil loses fertility.
What is shifting agriculture Why?
Shifting cultivation, or “slash-and-burn” cultivation or “swiddens,” involves the clearing of a plot of land, usually a forest area, its use for a few years, and, as soil fertility declines, its abandonment in favor of another plot of land to be cleared in the same fashion.
What is the meaning of shifting cultivation / agriculture?
This will help us see both the side of the coin and give us a deeper understanding of the adverse effect of shifting cultivation and the process of shifting cultivation. The meaning of shifting cultivation is shifting the place of cultivation from one place to other places for cultivation and agriculture purpose.
When does shift farming come to an end?
A land in shift farming is cleared and cultivated for a very short of time. It is then left and allowed to revert to its normal and natural vegetation as the cultivator moves to another field. The cultivation period is often terminated when the soil reveals any sign of exhaustion or when the plot is overrun by weeds.
Is there a way to avoid shifting cultivation?
This can be avoided by shifting cultivation, and that is called the ‘Jhummias.’ Shifting cultivation can be done in such a manner that agriculture should be done correctly. If there is the selection of the place or the plot is done improperly, then it can be the loss of the crops.
What are the advantages and disadvantages of shifting farming?
It helps to ensure more productivity and sustainability of agriculture In shift farming, it is easy to grow crops after the process of slash and burn. This is why shifting agriculture is also popularly known as slash-and-burn farming. It is an environmentally friendly mode of farming as it is organic
What are examples of shifting cultivation?
Shifting cultivation Swidden and conservation. Some argue that part of the immense diversity of these forests is due to shifting cultivation practices, rather than endangered by them. Swidden in practice. Jummas and Jhum cultivation. Yields from swidden.
What is shifting agriculture?
Shifting agriculture, system of cultivation that preserves soil fertility by plot (field) rotation, as distinct from crop rotation. In shifting agriculture a plot of land is cleared and cultivated for a short period of time; then it is abandoned and allowed to revert to its natural vegetation while…
Why was shifting cultivation sustainable?
One reason that shifting cultivation was so sustainable in the past was because there were just not as many people, the population was much lower overall than it is today, and this provided plenty of open land that could be used solely for cultivation,.
Why is shifting cultivation diminishing?
The diminishing of shifting cultivation in the twenty-first century has been a major change in agriculture. New environment policies imposed by the government has been a primary reason for this. Government policies have been restricting deforestation, or the clearing of trees and other vegetation.