What did the Bantu spread as they migrated?
The Bantu migration was also associated with the spread of new technology such as iron smelting, pottery making, house construction, and the spread of Bantu languages (Phillipson 1977a, 2005; Vansina 1994; Mapunda 2002).
What did the Bantu-speaking people spread across Africa?
Bantu-speakers in West Africa moved into new areas in very small groups, usually just families. But they brought with them the Bantu technology and language package—iron, crops, cattle, pottery, and more. These pioneers then shared their more advanced technologies (and, in the process, their languages) with the locals.
Why did Bantu-speaking people spread?
Linguistic, archeological and genetic evidence indicates that during the course of the Bantu expansion, “independent waves of migration of western African and East African Bantu-speakers into southern Africa occurred.” In some places, genetic evidence suggests that Bantu language expansion was largely a result of …
How did the Bantu migration affect the peoples of Africa?
Effects of migration In central Africa, the spread of Bantu-speaking people had effects on the environment. Introducing new crops and farming techniques altered the natural landscape. Raising cattle also displaced wild animal species.
What are the negative effects of migration?
Negative Impact The loss of a person from rural areas, impact on the level of output and development of rural areas. The influx of workers in urban areas increases competition for the job, houses, school facilities etc. Having large population puts too much pressure on natural resources, amenities and services.
Which was a major cause of the Bantu migrations?
Historians suggest the reason for the Bantu migration may be any one or more of the following : exhaustion of local resources – agricultural land, grazing lands, and forests. overpopulation. famine.
Where do you think the Bantu would most likely establish a settlement?
Gold. During the ninth century, a Bantu-speaking people settled in the valley of the Limpopo River in southern Africa.
What is the main reason for Bantu migration?
What does the title Bantu mean?
Bantunoun. the largest African language family of the Niger-Congo group, spoken in much of Sub-Saharan Africa. Etymology: The plural of Nguni word ntu ‘person’ (using plural prefix “ba”), meaning “people”; often used to describe a language family.
What race is Bantu?
Bantu peoples are the speakers of Bantu languages, comprising several hundred indigenous ethnic groups in Africa, spread over a vast area from Central Africa across the African Great Lakes to Southern Africa.
What are two negative effects of migration?
What are positive and negative effects of migration?
These channels have both positive and negative static and dynamic effects. One negative static effect of migration is that migration directly reduces the available supply of labour, particularly skilled labour, but there are positive static effects such as through return migration and remittances.
What are the causes and effects of Bantu Migration?
Epidemics, diseases and natural disasters: The Bantu moved due to natural disasters (earthquakes, flooding of rivers like river Niger), sickness, and diseases such as Nagana caused by Tsetse flies. 6. Search for fertile land: The Bantu migrated to find fertile land suitable for agriculture.
What is the oldest Bantu language?
Proto-Bantu is the reconstructed common ancestor of the Bantu languages, a subgroup of the Southern Bantoid languages. It is thought to have originally been spoken in West/Central Africa in the area of what is now Cameroon.
What was the impact of the Bantu migrations?
The Bantu Migration had an enormous impact on Africa’s economic, cultural, and political practices. Bantu migrants introduced many new skills into the communities they interacted with, including sophisticated farming and industry. These skills included growing crops and forging tools and weapons from metal.
What were three effects of the Bantu migrations?
The effects of the Bantu Migration were the spread of the Bantu language, culture, agricultural practices, and metalworking skills all across…
What did the Bantu introduce to southern Africa?
The Bantu expansion first introduced Bantu peoples to Central, Southern, and Southeast Africa, regions they had previously been absent from. In Eastern and Southern Africa, Bantu speakers may have adopted livestock husbandry from other unrelated Cushitic- and Nilotic-speaking peoples they encountered.
What were the causes and effects of the Bantu migrations?
What are the three most significant African migrations?
Although varied and mixed, intra-African migration is in general terms motivated by three main regional trends: labour migration in the west and central areas; movement of refugees in the eastern and southern areas; together with migration of skilled professionals from west and east to southern Africa.
Where are the Bantu people found in Africa?
The Bantu people are found in Rwanda and other countries in southern Africa. The term “bantu” is often considered racially offensive in South Africa.
What is the Bantu religion?
Religion of Bantu People. Traditionally, the basic beliefs of Bantu people had been polytheistic. However, the beliefs soon started moving towards monotheism. Today, the religion of a majority of Bantu people is Christianity.
What was the Bantu migration?
The Bantu Migration, or Bantu expansion, was a series of migrations of the Bantu people from the Congo area to present day Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania, because of drought, famine, and population increase. Message.
Who are the Bantu people?
The term “Bantu people” is used to describe the roughly 60 million Africans who speak languages in the Bantu language family.