What did Southern farmers need for working in their fields?
The Southern farmers needed slaves to work in their fields.
What was the main source of labor for plantation farmers?
By the mid1600s, the tobacco economy had grown tremendously. As demand grew, so did the cost of indentured servants. Slavery quickly replaced indentured servitude as the preferred source of human labor. Landowners were threatened by the prospect of newly freed servants demanding land.
How did the agricultural system of labor change in the South?
Because the economy of the South depended on the cultivation of crops, the need for agricultural labor led to the establishment of slavery. It also created a society sharply divided along class lines. For this reason, the contrast between the rich and the poor was greater in the South than it was in the North.
What were the 3 crops grown in the South and what type of labor was used to grow them?
The cash crops of the southern colonies included cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo (a plant that was used to create blue dye). In Virginia and Maryland, the main cash crop was tobacco. In South Carolina and Georgia, the main cash crops were indigo and rice.
Who made up the majority of Southern farmers?
Yeoman Farmers made up majority of southern white society. Most of these farmers lived on fertile land.
What does the Southern farmers grow?
The Southern farmers grew cotton and tobacco.
What system of farming was used in the southern colonies?
What system of farming was used in the southern colonies? Large plantations were used for growing export crops.
What features were common to all the Southern colonies?
All England’s Southern colonies had many similarities as well as differences. They all relied on slaves and indentured servants to plant crops, and these staple crops allowed all of the colonies to prosper economically. In each colony, the population was mostly English, and white males owned land. Women had no rights.
How did the sharecropping system work in the south?
The merchant insisted that more cotton (or some other cash crop) be grown—nothing else paid well—and thus came to dictate the crops that a farmer grew. Sharecropping, a related system of agriculture that also developed in the post-Civil War South.
Who are the farm laborers in the United States?
Farm laborers have lower levels of educational attainment, are more likely to be Hispanic of Mexican origin, and are less likely to be citizens than are workers in other occupations in agriculture and than the U.S. wage and salary workforce as a whole.
When did the crop lien system start in the south?
The crop-lien system was a credit system that became widely used by cotton farmers in the United States in the South from the 1860s to the 1930s.
What kind of crops did the southern colonies grow?
The cash crops of the southern colonies included cotton, tobacco, rice, and indigo (a plant that was used to create blue dye). In Virginia and Maryland, the main cash crop was tobacco.
What kind of crops did the slave owners grow?
Most favoured by slave owners were commercial crops such as olives, grapes, sugar, cotton, tobacco, coffee, and certain forms of rice that demanded intense labour to plant, considerable tending throughout the growing season, and significant labour for harvesting.
What was the primary crop of the antebellum Alabama plantations?
In antebellum Alabama, the primary crop on such plantations was the short-staple variety of cotton. Plantations required a large, stable work force that initially consisted of indentured servants but eventually shifted almost entirely to slave labor.
How did the slaves work on the cotton plantations?
Many of these enslaved Alabamians worked in cotton production, but numerous plantations had fewer than 20 slaves working the land. Most slaves on cotton plantations in Alabama worked under the gang system, which meant they worked at planting, weeding, or picking cotton all day long under the direction of a “driver,” who worked under an overseer.
What was the cotton crop like before the Civil War?
Plantation Agriculture. Cotton production reigned supreme in the state before the Civil War. According to the 1850 Census, the state produced 564,429 bales that year and 989,955 bales by 1860. Plantation owners rotated the cotton crop among several fields to allow some to lie fallow and replenish their soil nutrients.