What can happen to the farmers if the monsoon is weak?
The fear is that weak rainfall can hit crop output as Indian farmers are primarily dependent on rains for irrigation. This can not only weigh on rural income but can also stoke inflation. Large parts of top coarse cereals, pulses, fruits and vegetables producing states have received below normal rainfall till 24 July.
What impact do monsoons have on agriculture?
Over half of India’s population works in agriculture, and monsoon rains directly affect their incomes and livelihood. Agriculture adds up to more than 15% of India’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP), which means that when crops fail because of too little rain, the economy suffers.
Is monsoon season good for agriculture?
The South-West monsoon is considered vital for the cultivation of Kharif crops, which are heavily dependent on rain as the quantity of rainfall determines the production numbers in the case of these crops. However, early showers are critical for farmers in terms of planting crops like cotton, rice, pulses, and soybean.
What are the impacts of failure in monsoon?
The failure of the monsoon affects unfavourably the volumes and the balance of India’s foreign trade. The revenue of the government sharply decline due to the fall in the national income and the government is burdened with extra ordinary expenditures.
Which agriculture is dependent on monsoon only?
Monsoon friendly crops with a high requirement of water like sugarcane, jute and paddy can easily be cultivated during summers, in areas with a high proximity for monsoons. Whereas, crops like wheat and barley require moderate temperature and water, and therefore can only be grown in winters.
What are the positive effects of monsoons?
Monsoons can have both negative and positive effects. Flooding caused by monsoon rains can destroy property and crops (SF Fig. 3.2 C). However, seasonal monsoon rains can also provide freshwater for drinking and crop irrigation.
Why are monsoons important to farmers?
An off-balance monsoon season spells doom for the agricultural sector in India. While more than normal rain floods the kharif farms and results in serious crop damage or loss, it helps the rabi season by ensuring the reservoirs have enough water.
Which agriculture is depend on monsoon only?
What was the percentage of population depends on directly and indirectly on agriculture?
Almost 70 percent of the India’s population depends on the agriculture sector. In rural population almost 80 percent depends on agriculture sector.
How does monsoon affect economy?
Rising farm output from a decent monsoon boosts demand for consumer goods in rural regions. A stronger economic outlook tends to lift the stock prices of companies focused on selling products in rural areas.
Do you think a deficient monsoon impacts the economy?
The monsoon forecast is critical to India’s food production and GDP growth — deficient rains could adversely impact farmer incomes and thereby drag down rural demand and consumption.
What are 3 negative effects of monsoons?
The soil can only take so much water. After it’s maxed out, the water can pool, flooding your plants and washing seeds away. You may end up with stunted plants and poor production after too much rain. Excessive soaking after rain showers and storms can ruin plants’ roots, which in turn affects how plants grow.
What are the impacts of monsoons?
The monsoon also has an impact upon human health. Two types of disease peak during the rainy season. They are diseases spread by mosquitoes and water borne infections. Mosquitoes breed in the ephemeral water bodies created by the rains and malaria and dengue fever cases increase.
Why are the monsoons important?
Monsoons cause wet and dry seasons throughout much of the tropics. Monsoons are most often associated with the Indian Ocean. Monsoons always blow from cold to warm regions. The summer monsoon and the winter monsoon determine the climate for most of India and Southeast Asia.
Why do farmer no longer depend on the monsoon?
The fate of the Kharif crops depend on the performance of the southwest Monsoon. Good rains during the season result in bountiful crops which further benefit the farmers. A major portion of the country’s crop area is completely dependent on Monsoon rains as they’re not equipped with methods of manual irrigation.
What percentage of the world depends on agriculture?
Analyses in 2016 found that 65 percent of poor working adults made a living through agriculture. Agriculture is also crucial to economic growth: in 2018, it accounted for 4 percent of global gross domestic product (GDP) and in some developing countries, it can account for more than 25% of GDP.
What percentage of the total population of the country is dependent on agriculture?
Agriculture, with its allied sectors, is the largest source of livelihoods in India. 70 percent of its rural households still depend primarily on agriculture for their livelihood, with 82 percent of farmers being small and marginal. In 2017-18, total food grain production was estimated at 275 million tonnes (MT).