What are the four chemical causes of soil degradation?

What are the four chemical causes of soil degradation?

Chemical deterioration as a type of soil degradation involves loss of nutrients or organic matter, salinisation, acidification, soil pollution, and fertility decline. The removal of nutrients reduces the capacity of soils to support plant growth and crop production and causes acidification.

What is chemical degradation of soil?

Chemical degradation of soil refers to the undesirable changes in soil chemical behavior so that the quality of soil declines due to human interventions. Almost 240 M ha of land is affected by chemical degradation including 229 M ha in loss of nutrients (136 M ha), salinization (77 M ha), and acidification (6 M ha).

How do chemical fertilizers contribute to land degradation?

Soil compaction adversely affects nearly all physical, chemical and biological properties of the soil. Therefore, usage of fertilizers more than the recommended amounts causes formation, accumulation and concentration of mineral salts of fertilizers which leads to compaction layer and soil degradation in the long-term.

What are the causes of chemical degradation?

One way by which soils degrade chemically is through soil contamination; either by diffuse contamination or from localised sources. Drivers such as salinization, acidification of soils, chemical fertilizer application and use of pesticides all tend to aid the process of soil chemical degradation.

Why is soil degradation bad?

The degradation of our soils, due to human activities, today, can harm our well-being. It causes the extinction of species and accentuates climate change. It also contributes to the displacement of populations and the multiplication of conflicts.

Is chemical fertilizer dangerous?

Though chemical fertilizers increase crop production; their overuse has hardened the soil, decreased fertility, strengthened pesticides, polluted air and water, and released greenhouse gases, thereby bringing hazards to human health and environment as well.

What is the most common form of chemical degradation?

What is the most common form of chemical degradation? Construction materials are degraded by the chemical action of the environment and this degradation is known as atmospheric corrosion.

How can we prevent drug degradation?

Use of surfactant-based systems such as micelles can reduce the hydrolysis of hydrophobic drugs. Alternatively, preparing a suspension reduces the amount of drug in solution and hence may increase stability. A lyophilized product will remove water and significantly reduce the rate of hydrolysis.

How can soil degradation be improved?

Green manure and cover crops: Green manures and cover crops serve as mulch to the soil preventing the soil from wind/water erosion and moisture loss. They also increase the soil organic matter content as they decompose in the soil.

How dangerous is soil degradation?

Its impacts can be far-reaching, including loss of soil fertility, destruction of species habitat and biodiversity, soil erosion, and excessive nutrient runoff into lakes. Land degradation also has serious knock-on effects for humans, such as malnutrition, disease, forced migration, cultural damage, and even war.

What are the major types of soil degradation?

2.2 Types of soil degradation The type of soil degradation refers to the nature of the degradation process (displacement of soil material by water and wind; in-situ deterioration by physical, chemical and biological processes).

Do chemical fertilizers cause cancer?

No evidence of fertilizer use causing cancer: Tomar.

What are the disadvantages of chemical fertilizers?


  • Chemical fertilizers affect micro-organisms living in the soil.
  • Chemical fertilizers are highly soluble in water hence they leach away into groundwater without fully benefiting the plant.
  • Chemical fertilizers encourage plant disease.

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