Is terrace farming done in hilly areas?
Terrace farming or step farming is commonly done on the slopes of the hills. It is defined as the farming in which the slopes of the hills or mountains are cut in the form of steps so that the farmer gets enough space for cultivating various kinds of crops.
Where is terrace farming most common?
Terrace farming was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible. It is commonly used in Asia by rice-growing countries such as Vietnam, Philippines, and Indonesia.
Which type of farming is suitable in hilly areas?
Terrace farming works well in hilly areas.
Why is terrace farming done in hilly area?
Graduated terrace steps are commonly used to farm on hilly or mountainous terrain. Terraced fields decrease both erosion and surface runoff, and may be used to support growing crops that require irrigation, such as rice.
How is terrace farming useful in hilly areas?
What are used in hilly areas?
2. Salient characteristics of traditional settlement in hill regions
|Kath-Kuni and Koti banal
|Stone and timber
|Timber and brick
|Natural stone dressed or undressed
What is terrace farming and why it is done in the hilly areas?
Terrace cultivation, method of growing crops on sides of hills or mountains by planting on graduated terraces built into the slope. Though labour-intensive, the method has been employed effectively to maximize arable land area in variable terrains and to reduce soil erosion and water loss.
What is the purpose of using terraces?
Terraces are earthen structures that intercept runoff on moderate to steep slopes. They transform long slopes into a series of shorter slopes. Terraces reduce the rate of runoff and allow soil particles to settle out. The resulting cleaner water is then carried off the field in a non-erosive manner.
What are some advantages of terrace farming?
Benefits Of Terrace Farming
- Increases farmability and land productivity of sloped fields.
- Contributes to water conservation: slows down and reduces water runoffs, improves rainwater harvesting.
- Prevents soil erosion by decreasing rill formations.
- Boosts soil conservation.
- Reduces sedimentation and water pollution.
What are the benefits of terrace farming?
What are the benefits of a terrace system? The major benefit, of course, is the conservation of soil and water. Terraces reduce both the amount and velocity of water moving across the soil surface, which greatly reduces soil erosion. Terracing thus permits more intensive cropping than would otherwise be possible.
Which type of houses are found in hilly areas?
Besides, stones are easily available there than sand. Hence stones are mostly used to build houses in these areas….What type of houses are found in hilly areas?
|Timber and brick
|Natural stone dressed or undressed
Why is terrace farming better on hills?
Why is terrace farming popular in hilly areas?
Step farming or terrace farming is common in hills to check soil erosion through water current on the slopes. It provides a physical barrier to soil erosion by water. The mountain is made into steps that slows down the speed of rainwater preventing damage to crops.
Terrace farming works well in hilly areas. Terrace farming is the act of building steps or terraces on mountain slopes to carry out farming activities.
What is the benefit of terrace farming?
Is terrace farming used today?
Today, modern farmers are returning to the terrace farming practices used thousands of years ago as a more practical and productive way to raise the most food with the least water. Tea farmers also take advantage of terrace farming.
What can be grown in hilly areas?
Tuber and rhizomatous crops like potato, tapioca, sweet potato, dioscorea, colocassia, ginger and turmeric grow very well in these regions while the plantation crops like Arecanut, cocoa, tea, coffee and rubber were introduced on commercial scale in certain hilly regions of our country.
What are the advantages of terrace farming?
Boosts soil conservation. Reduces sedimentation and water pollution. Water stays long enough for heavy particles to settle down and prevent downstream sedimentation and pollution of water bodies, but short enough not to harm crops. Increases food production by adjusting hilly land for farming.
What can you grow on a terrace farm?
Terrace Farming – Beauty Beyond Imagination !! Terrace or Step farming is a downward sloped section which has been fragmented into series of consecutive flat surfaces. These surfaces are used in vegetation and cultivation of vegetables, crops or flowers.
Why is terrace farming important in the hills?
It is an ancient method to stop soil erosion in hills and to utilize the empty lands which becomes a two way benefit for hilly villagers who rarely believe in urbanization. Most beneficial part of this farming is to put all the manures and water on the upper most surface and it automatically reaches to the lowest surface also.
Where are terrace farms located in the world?
Colorful terrace farms in the Yunnan Province, China. (Photo: isarescheewin /iStock) Terrace farming is an ancient practice, and one that we are continually finding new evidence of in long-gone …
How is terrace farming practiced in Sikkim?
Terrace farming is a method of farming whereby “steps” known as terraces are built onto the slopes of hills and mountains. When it rains, instead of rain carrying away the soil nutrients and plants down the slope, they flow to the next terrace.
Why is terrace farming done in hilly regions?
The cut terraces allow water to slow down while they flow from the upper hill towards the lower side of the hill. Terrace farming is practised in the hills of Uttrakhand, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Nepal and many parts of the world. How is it done?
Why are cut terraces used in Ans farming?
Ans. Hilly region are prone to soil erosion and water scarcity. To prevent the loss of topsoil from the hills side terrace farming done. The cut terraces allow water to slow down while they flow from the upper hill towards the lower side of the hill.
What kind of crops can you grow on a terrace?
Apart from rice cultivation, terraces are also used to grow rice, potatoes, and maize. Terrace farming is also commonly used in islands such as the Canary Islands, because they have hilly terrains. How Does Terrace Farming Work? A farmer farming on a rice terrace. Image credit: Thirawatana Phaisalratana/Shutterstock.com
Where was terrace farming invented in the world?
Terrace farming is used throughout the world for cultivation purposes. The rice terraces of Longshen, China. Terrace farming is a type of farming that was invented by the Inca people who lived in the South American mountains. This farming method has made cultivation of crops in hilly or mountainous regions possible.