Is shifting cultivation still practiced?
In Central America, shifting cultivation is still widespread, and both Fig 6 and the survey results indicate an increase in some areas (e.g. Panama, Guatemala) well into the 2000s. In Mexico, however, the trend has been towards decreasing areas under shifting cultivation.
Why is shifting cultivation practiced?
The agricultural system of shifting cultivation, which has been practiced for centuries in most of the tropics, is still prevalent in West Africa. Under this system, the forest is cleared, and food crops are planted. The results of this practice may well revolutionize animal production in tropical forests.
Why is shifting cultivation practiced in Africa?
The main purpose of the fallow period in shifting cultivation is simultaneously to improve soil fertility and the soil’s capacity to resist erosion.
Where shifting cultivation was rudely practiced?
It is largely practised in the north-eastern region of India, including Assam, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland, etc. This way of farming is also known as “Jhum Kheti”.
What are the features of shifting cultivation?
Key Features of Shifting Cultivation
- Rotation of fields.
- Use of fire for clearing the land.
- Keeping the land fallow for regeneration for a number of years.
- Use of human labour as main input.
- Non-employment of draught animals.
What are the main features of cultivation?
8 Salient Features of Indian Agriculture
- Subsistence agriculture: Most parts of India have subsistence agriculture.
- Pressure of population on agriculture:
- Importance of animals:
- Dependent upon Monsoon:
- Variety of crops:
- Predominance of food crops:
- Insignificant place to given fodder crops:
- Seasonal pattern:
What are the effect of shifting cultivation?
Impact of shifting cultivation practices Shifting cultivation has contributed to both positive and adverse environmental impacts. On the positive side, this practice restricts the intensity of land use, reducing the rate of environmental degradation in situations where capital and land management capability are low.
What are the qualities of Indian farmers?
Characteristics of Indian Agriculture
- Subsistent in Character.
- Heavy Pressure of Population.
- Predominance of Food Grains.
- Mixed Cropping.
- High Percentage of the Reporting Area under Cultivation.
- Small Size of Holdings and Fragmentation of Fields.
- Limited Intensive Agriculture.
- Primitive Technology.
Why shifting cultivation should not be practiced in hilly areas?
Soil erosion and impoverishment The loss of vegetation cover increases the incidence of soil erosion because the soil is more frequently affected by precipitation. The soils of hilly area are the most susceptible to water erosion in which sheet, rill and gully erosion occurs (Shoaib et al.
What are the impacts of shifting cultivation?
In such a system the standing vegetation is cut, the litter and trash fired, and the land planted. During a cropping period of approximately two to three years decreasing soil fertility and increasing weediness and pest infestation interact to depress crop production.
What is disadvantage of shifting cultivation?
– The primary disadvantage of shifting cultivation is cutting down of forest, which further leads to deforestation. – Shifting cultivation is also known as slash and burn agriculture, whereby a farmer clears down vegetation by burning down forest, an easiest way to prepare a land for cultivation.
What are two disadvantages of shifting cultivation?
The major disadvantage of Shifting Cultivation is that many trees in the forest are cut and this increases soil infertility and leads to soil erosion.
Which is the best description of shifting cultivation?
December 10, 2017 Study Mentor 0 Comment. Shifting cultivation is a type of cultivation in which an area is cultivated temporarily for a period of time which differs from place to place and then abandoned for some time so that it restores nutrients in the plot naturally. This is very essential for the fertility of the land.
Where does shifting cultivation take place in India?
It is mainly practiced in Hilly areas. Other than India, it is also practiced in rain forest of South America, central and western and south east India. It is also known as slash-and –burn agriculture. First the farmer clears the land which he has to cultivate. He then removes all the plants and vegetation from the land.
What are the disadvantages of shifting agriculture?
Disadvantages of shifting agriculture Destruction of forest is the biggest disadvantage of this type of cultivation. Destruction of forest causes heavy soil erosion which in turn causes flood in rivers and low-lying areas. Due to heavy population, the land provided for shifting agriculture is declining.
Why was shifting cultivation important to the Neolithic period?
This is very essential for the fertility of the land. It is a primitive method of cultivation which was practiced in the Neolithic period, from 13,000 to 3,000 B.C. It may be the first method which is adopted by Neolithic man to cultivate and to use soil to produce crops.