In which month the crop is grown?
Solved Examples for You
|Kharif Crops||Rabi Crops|
|Sowing of seeds begins in the rainy season around July||Rabi seeds are sown at the beginning of autumn in November or December|
|Harvesting is done in September – October||Harvesting happens in June – July|
|Examples: Rice, Maize, Bajra etc||Examples: Wheat, Mustard, Peas etc|
What season are crops harvested?
Late September to early December is the time where farmers get to see the reward of the growing season. Harvest starts in mid-September, and most do not understand all the work that goes into harvest. Making sure that all crops are dry is the most important.
What is a crop season?
A crop is said to pertain to a particular season when the crop extends from the time of sowing to the time of harvesting in that season mostly. The following is the division of crops according to the two main seasons rabi and kharif over which the crops extend.
What time of year do plants grow?
Seasonality. From spring to fall is the growing season. The most vigorous growth of plants will be in the summer when the sun is up and out the longest. During winter, the sun is neither as high in the sky, nor in the sky for as long as it is in the summer.
Is potato a rabi crop?
Rabi crops, which are also known as winter crops, are the crops that are grown in the winter season (October or November). Some of the main rabi crops of India include wheat, gram, oat, barley, potato, and seeds like mustard, linseed, sunflower, coriander, cumin, etc.
What happens to crops after they are harvested?
Once a grain crop is harvested, a farmer needs to manage its drying and storage. This is the final stage of grain production. Grain drying is an essential practice that occurs before storage. It reduces the grain moisture by 80-90% and prepares the crop for further storage.
What are the three cropping seasons?
India has three cropping seasons — rabi, kharif and zaid. Rabi crops are sown in winter from October to December and harvested in summer from April to June. Some of the important rabi crops are wheat, barley, peas, gram and mustard.
What is cash crop example?
For example, rice, corn, wheat, cotton and coffee. Such crops have a market price that is set at the global level. Traded commodities are commonly exported.
What month do potatoes grow?
Potato can be both kharif and rabi crop in the Deccan plateau, i.e., in states like Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Maharashtra. In other words, two crops of potatoes can be grown in these regions- from mid-June to mid-July and then during October and November.
What happens after rice is harvested?
When harvested, rice has around 25 percent moisture content, but after it is threshed, it needs to dry to about 14 percent water content in order to be safe for storing and milling. The process of milling removes the husk, bran layer and germ, and results in what we know as white rice.
Why harvested rice should be threshed immediately?
Immediate threshing reduces the exposure of crop to insects, birds and rodents, disease, and molds. Crop that is piled over a period of time generates heat that will serve as an ideal medium for growth of molds, disease and pests.
What season do Kharif crops grow?
Crops that are sown during the southwest monsoon season are called kharif or monsoon crops. These crops are sown at the beginning of the season around end May to early June and are harvested post the monsoon rains beginning October. Rice, maize, pulses such as urad, moong dal and millets are among the key kharif crops.