How did the Inca improve their farming?

How did the Inca improve their farming?

They developed resilient breeds of crops such as potatoes, quinoa and corn. They built cisterns and irrigation canals that snaked and angled down and around the mountains. And they cut terraces into the hillsides, progressively steeper, from the valleys up the slopes.

Why was stone so important to the Inca?

The Incas thought that rocks were people, with their own volition and personality. The Inca people of the Andes had a special relationship with rock. Stone informed their entire culture, and was key to their empire-building success.

What did the Incas use to help them farm in their rough terrain?

To solve this problem, the Inca used a system known as terrace farming. They built walls on hillsides and filled them with soil to make terraces. Terraces are wide steps on the side of mountains. Without the terraces, the mountainous landscape would have been too steep for farmers to water, plow, and harvest.

What is so unique about Inca stonework?

The ingenuity of Inca stone masonry doesn’t stop at fitting a few blocks together just to build their inca walls. Such construction was necessary to prevent destruction in the event of all too regular earthquakes, and the walls were so designed that they would absorb the impact.

What food did the Inca eat?

The Maya, Aztec, and Inca civilizations ate simple food. Corn (maize) was the central food in their diet, along with vegetables such as beans and squash. Potatoes and a tiny grain called quinoa were commonly grown by the Incas.

What did the Inca eat?

How were the stones of Machu Picchu cut?

To cut these hard rocks the Inca used stone, bronze or copper tools, usually splitting the stones along the natural fracture lines. Without the wheel the stones were rolled up with wood beams on earth ramps. The Incas would sand large, finely shaped stones which they would fit together in jigsaw like patterns.

Related Posts